Next month is American Diabetes Month, and in honor of the observance, we wanted to share a few facts to help you get a picture of how the disease is affecting the health of Americans—especially when it comes to senior healthcare.
Diabetes in the General Population
In 2011, the CDC estimates that Americans paid about $176 billion for medical expenses directly related to the treatment and health complications of diabetes—more than 2 times higher than what expenditures would be in the absence of diabetes.
Expenses that will only continue to grow as the number of Americans with diabetes continues to rise:
- 25.8 million Americans (children and adults) have diabetes— or about 8.3% of the population.
- 18.8 million people have been diagnosed with the disease
- 7.0 million cases go undiagnosed
- 79 million undiagnosed currently have pre-diabetes
- 1.9 million new cases of diabetes were diagnosed in people 20 years and older in 2010
Diabetes in Older Adults
Nearly 27% of all seniors in the United States have diabetes which is the highest percentage of any age group in America.
According to the most recent surveys by the CDC:
- 10.9 million older adults have diabetes
- In 2010, about 390,000 seniors were diagnosed with diabetes.
- From 2005 to 2008, senior healthcare experts at the CDC determined that 50% of adults aged 65 and older had prediabetes, based on fasting glucose or hemoglobin A1c levels.
The Truth about Diabetes
The American Diabetes Association has a record of some of the most common myths about how diabetes develops and how your life will change after diabetes because sometimes the facts aren’t so clear.
Here’s the real scoop on the top 5 myths about diabetes:
1. Though many people believe diabetes isn’t a serious disease, it can be deadly.
Proper management techniques can help you prevent or delay any complications from the disease, but, diabetes causes more deaths a year than breast cancer and AIDS combined. Two out of three people with diabetes die from heart disease or stroke.
2. Being overweight or obese doesn’t mean you will automatically develop type 2 diabetes.
Your weight can be a risk factor, but there are plenty of other factors—like family history, ethnicity and age—that can also contribute to diabetes. These days, many people tend to look at obesity, to the exclusion of all other factors which can be as dangerous as not taking weight into account at all.
3. Eating too much sugar won’t give you diabetes.
At least, not by itself.
Though sugary foods and beverages can raise your blood glucose levels and cause obesity (which can both contribute to diabetes), type 1 diabetes is caused by genetics and unknown factors that trigger the onset of the disease, and type 2 diabetes is caused by genetics and lifestyle factors such as a high-sugar diet.
However, senior healthcare experts at the American Diabetes Association still recommend that older adults limit their intake of sugar-sweetened foods and beverages to limit their risk of developing diabetes.
4. People with diabetes don’t have to limit their diet to special diabetic foods.
Although diabetics may need to be particularly careful of overindulging in certain foods like sweets or alcohol, the same low-fat, whole grain diet—sparing in carbohydrates, added sugars, fats, and processed foods—that’s healthiest for the average senior is healthy for a senior with diabetes as well.
According to the American Diabetic Association, “Diabetic and ‘dietetic’ foods generally offer no special benefit.”
5. Having to use insulin is not necessarily a sign that you aren’t treating the condition well on your own.
When first diagnosed, many people with type 2 diabetes can keep their blood glucose at a healthy level without insulin. But type 2 diabetes is progressive, and, over time, the body begins to slowly decrease its production of insulin. When production drops to a certain level, healthy habits and oral medications may not be enough to keep blood glucose levels normal, and insulin is needed to keep those levels where they should be.
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